Tag: attack on Poland

Attack on Poland – The Aftermath

Attack on Poland – The Aftermath

The German Zones Poland was partitioned by Russians and Germans on 28 September. Hitler considered the idea of setting up a small Polish satellite state, but gave it up after it became clear that Britain and France are not ready to accept the German fait accompli. He thus announced in two decrees of 8 and … Continue reading Attack on Poland – The Aftermath

Attack on Poland – The Exodus

Attack on Poland – The Exodus

17 – 30 September: Exodus of the Fortunate Few The Polish Government, the military GHQ, civil servants and foreign diplomats started to evacuate Warsaw on 5 September. The aim was to reach the apparently still safe south-eastern Poland, bordered by the neutral Russia and friendly Hungary and Romania. Thousands of people were moving there, and … Continue reading Attack on Poland – The Exodus

Attack on Poland – Soviet Invasion and The Fall of Poland

Attack on Poland – Soviet Invasion and The Fall of Poland

10 – 20 September: The Situation Elsewhere On 5 September, Rydz-Smigly had ordered the Polish armies to retire and regroup behind the Vistula, Bug and San rivers. This was an effort doomed to failure: German armored columns had already broken through, and were advancing faster than the Polish forces could withdraw. Vistula front was saved … Continue reading Attack on Poland – Soviet Invasion and The Fall of Poland

Attack on Poland – 1 – 17 September

Attack on Poland – 1 – 17 September

Preliminary Incidents Hitler had given top priority to engineering an incident that would provoke the Poland into retaliation and thus justify German invasion. On 5 August 1939 the head of the SD (the Security Service of the SS), Reinhard Heydrich, entrusted the 28-year-old Alfred Naujoks with the task of creating just such an incident. To … Continue reading Attack on Poland – 1 – 17 September

Attack on Poland – Countdown to War

Attack on Poland – Countdown to War

Countdown to War The German occupation of Bohemia and Moravia, the British guarantee and the partial Polish mobilization in March raised political tensions. The German Ambassador in Warsaw reported wild rumors among the population, such as that border clashes had begun. Mood was further heightened by the Polish press which claimed that Germans were decadent … Continue reading Attack on Poland – Countdown to War

Attack on Poland – Moves Towards the Invasion

Attack on Poland – Moves Towards the Invasion

Breaking the Nazi Codes While Poland was behind Germany and other European powers in most areas of military doctrine and technology, it was well ahead in one area – breaking of German codes. Germany was well ahead in cypher machines, with the first Engima machine developed for civilian purposes (at least officially); in 1930 a … Continue reading Attack on Poland – Moves Towards the Invasion

Attack on Poland – Polish Army

Attack on Poland – Polish Army

Polish Army In February 1919., the newly created Polish parliament – Sejm – passed the Army Law, setting up an official Polish Defense Force under Pilsudski. Its core was comprised of Pilsudski's former Polish Legions, soon strenghtened in April 1919 by the arrival of Haller’s Polish units from France. Its defense of new Polish state … Continue reading Attack on Poland – Polish Army

Attack on Poland – German and Soviet Rearmament

Attack on Poland – German and Soviet Rearmament

Introduction Throughout history, Poland shared the fate of many Central European nations in being a playground of various great powers. While Poland had, through Middle Ages and especially in 16th to 18th centuries, achieved status of a great or at least regional power, it always had to fight to preserve its independence. Poland eventually disappeared … Continue reading Attack on Poland – German and Soviet Rearmament